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中国制造2025

2020-08-27 09:09:44点击:

背景及意义

是国民经济的主体,是立国之本、兴国之器、强国之基。十八世纪中叶开启工业文明以来,世界强国的兴衰史和中华民族的奋斗史一再证明,没有强大的制造业,就没有国家和民族的强盛。打造具有国际竞争力的制造业,是我国提升综合国力、保障国家安全、建设世界强国的必由之路

XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYOUQISHIGAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,WOGUOZHIZAOYECHIXUKUAISUFAZHAN,JIANCHENGLEMENLEIQIQUAN、DULIWANZHENGDECHANYETIXI,YOULITUIDONGGONGYEHUAHEXIANDAIHUAJINCHENG,XIANZHUZENGQIANGZONGHEGUOLI,ZHICHENGSHIJIEDAGUODIWEI。RANER,YUSHIJIEXIANJINSHUIPINGXIANGBI,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOYERENGRANDAERBUQIANG,ZAIZIZHUCHUANGXINNENGLI、ZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV、CHANYEJIEGOUSHUIPING、XINXIHUACHENGDU、ZHILIANGXIAOYIDENGFANGMIANCHAJUMINGXIAN,ZHUANXINGSHENGJIHEKUAYUEFAZHANDERENWUJINPOERJIANJU。

《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》YOUBAIYUMINGYUANSHIZHUANJIAZHESHOUZHIDING,WEIZHONGGUOZHIZAOYEWEILAI10NIANSHEJIDINGCENGGUIHUAHELUXIANTU,TONGGUONULISHIXIANZHONGGUOZHIZAOXIANGZHONGGUOCHUANGZAO、ZHONGGUOSUDUXIANGZHONGGUOZHILIANG、ZHONGGUOCHANPINXIANGZHONGGUOPINPAISANDAZHUANBIAN,TUIDONGZHONGGUODAO2025NIANJIBENSHIXIANGONGYEHUA,MAIRUZHIZAOQIANGGUOXINGLIE。

时间年表

2015NIAN3YUE5RI,LIKEQIANGZAIQUANGUOLIANGHUISHANGZUO《ZHENGFUGONGZUOBAOGAO》SHISHOUCITICHU“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”DEHONGDAJIHUA。

2015NIAN3YUE25RI,LIKEQIANGZUZHIZHAOKAIGUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYI,BUSHUJIAKUAITUIJINSHISHI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”,SHIXIANZHIZAOYESHENGJI。YEZHENGSHIZHEICIGUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYI,SHENYITONGGUOLE《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》。

2015NIAN5YUE19RI,GUOWUYUANZHENGSHIYINFA《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》。

2015NIAN6YUE15RI,LIKEQIANGXIANHOUKAOCHAZHONGGUOHEDIANGONGCHENGYOUXIANGONGSIYUGONGYEHEXINXIHUABU,ZAIKAOCHAZHONG,LIKEQIANGSHUO,ZHONGGUOZHIZAOZAIGUOJIAZONGHEGUOLITISHENGZHONGGONGBUKEMEI,DANYAOKANDAO,WOMENZAIGUOJICHANYEFENGONGZHONGZONGTIHAICHUYUZHONGDIDUANSHUIPING。XINXINGSHIXIA,SHISHI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”,TUIDONGZHIZAOYEYOUDABIANQIANG,BUJINZAIYIBANXIAOFEIPINLINGYU,GENGYAOZAIJISHUHANLIANGGAODEZHONGDAZHUANGBEIDENGXIANJINZHIZAOLINGYUYONGYUZHENGXIAN。

2015NIAN4YUE、7YUEHE11YUE,LIKEQIANGZONGLIXIANHOUJIUJINGJIXINGSHIZHAOKAILESANCIZHUANJIAHEQIYEFUZERENZUOTANHUI。ZAIZHEISANCIZUOTANHUISHANG,GANGTIE、ZHUANGBEIZHIZAO、WULIUDENGZHUDUOCHUANTONGZHIZAOYELINGYUDEQIYEFUZERENCANHUI,“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”CHENGWEILIKEQIANGZAIMEICIZUOTANHUISHANGBITIDEHUATI。TAFANFUQIANGDIAO,ZHONGGUOJINGJISHENGJIFAZHANGENBENKAOGAIGECHUANGXIN。QIYESHISHICHANGZHUTI,YESHICHUANGXINZHUTI,YAOJIXUSHISHICHUANGXINQUDONGZHANLVE,ZHUAZHUGUOJIATUICHU“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”DENG,MIANXIANGSHICHANG,TIEJINXUQIU,ZHELITISHENGHEXINJINGZHENGLIHEPINPAISUZAONENGLI。

2016NIAN8YUE24RI,LIKEQIANGZONGLIZAIGUOWUYUANCHANGWUHUIYISHANG,BUSHUCUJINXIAOFEIPINBIAOZHUNHEZHILIANGTISHENG,ZENGJIA“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO”YOUXIAOGONGJIMANZUXIAOFEISHENGJIXUQIU。

方针和目标

指导思想

全面贯彻党的十八大和十八届二中、三中、四中全会精神,坚持走中国特色新型工业化道路,以促进制造业创新发展为主题,以提质增效为中心,以加快新一代信息技术与制造业深度融合为主线,以推进智能制造为主攻方向,以满足经济社会发展和国防建设对重大技术装备的需求为目标,强化工业基础能力,提高综合集成水平,完善多层次多类型人才培养体系,促进产业转型升级,培育有中国特色的制造文化,实现制造业由大变强的历史跨越

基本方针

——CHUANGXINQUDONG。JIANCHIBACHUANGXINBAIZAIZHIZAOYEFAZHANQUANJUDEHEXINWEIZHI,WANSHANYOULIYUCHUANGXINDEZHIDUHUANJING,TUIDONGKUALINGYUKUAXINGYEXIETONGCHUANGXIN,TUPOYIPIZHONGDIANLINGYUGUANJIANGONGXINGJISHU,CUJINZHIZAOYESHUZIHUA、WANGLUOHUA、ZHINENGHUA,ZOUCHUANGXINQUDONGDEFAZHANDAOLU。

——ZHILIANGWEIXIAN。JIANCHIBAZHILIANGZUOWEIJIANSHEZHIZAOQIANGGUODESHENGMINGXIAN,QIANGHUAQIYEZHILIANGZHUTIZEREN,JIAQIANGZHILIANGJISHUGONGGUAN、ZIZHUPINPAIPEIYU。JIANSHEFAGUIBIAOZHUNTIXI、ZHILIANGJIANGUANTIXI、XIANJINZHILIANGWENHUA,YINGZAOCHENGXINJINGYINGDESHICHANGHUANJING,ZOUYIZHIQUSHENGDEFAZHANDAOLU。

——LVSEFAZHAN。JIANCHIBAKECHIXUFAZHANZUOWEIJIANSHEZHIZAOQIANGGUODEZHONGYAOZHELIDIAN,JIAQIANGJIENENGHUANBAOJISHU、GONGYI、ZHUANGBEITUIGUANGYINGYONG,QUANMIANTUIXINGQINGJIESHENGCHAN。FAZHANXUNHUANJINGJI,TIGAOZIYUANHUISHOULIYONGXIAOLV,GOUJIANLVSEZHIZAOTIXI,ZOUSHENGTAIWENMINGDEFAZHANDAOLU。

——JIEGOUYOUHUA。JIANCHIBAJIEGOUDIAOZHENGZUOWEIJIANSHEZHIZAOQIANGGUODEGUANJIANHUANJIE,DALIFAZHANXIANJINZHIZAOYE,GAIZAOTISHENGCHUANTONGCHANYE,TUIDONGSHENGCHANXINGZHIZAOXIANGFUWUXINGZHIZAOZHUANBIAN。YOUHUACHANYEKONGJIANBUJU,PEIYUYIPIJUYOUHEXINJINGZHENGLIDECHANYEJIQUNHEQIYEQUNTI,ZOUTIZHIZENGXIAODEFAZHANDAOLU。

——RENCAIWEIBEN。JIANCHIBARENCAIZUOWEIJIANSHEZHIZAOQIANGGUODEGENBEN,JIANLIJIANQUANKEXUEHELIDEXUANREN、YONGREN、YURENJIZHI,JIAKUAIPEIYANGZHIZAOYEFAZHANJIXUDEZHUANYEJISHURENCAI、JINGYINGGUANLIRENCAI、JINENGRENCAI。YINGZAODAZHONGCHUANGYE、WANZHONGCHUANGXINDEFENWEI,JIANSHEYIZHISUZHIYOULIANG、JIEGOUHELIDEZHIZAOYERENCAIDUIWU,ZOURENCAIYINLINGDEFAZHANDAOLU。

基本原则

SHICHANGZHUDAO,ZHENGFUYINDAO。QUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGE,CHONGFENFAHUISHICHANGZAIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGDEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG,QIANGHUAQIYEZHUTIDIWEI,JIFAQIYEHUOLIHECHUANGZAOLI。JIJIZHUANBIANZHENGFUZHINENG,JIAQIANGZHANLVEYANJIUHEGUIHUAYINDAO,WANSHANXIANGGUANZHICHIZHENGCE,WEIQIYEFAZHANCHUANGZAOLIANGHAOHUANJING。

LIZUDANGQIAN,ZHEYANZHANGYUAN。ZHENDUIZHIYUEZHIZAOYEFAZHANDEPINGJINGHEBORUOHUANJIE,JIAKUAIZHUANXINGSHENGJIHETIZHIZENGXIAO,QIESHITIGAOZHIZAOYEDEHEXINJINGZHENGLIHEKECHIXUFAZHANNENGLI。ZHUNQUEBAWOXINYILUNKEJIGEMINGHECHANYEBIANGEQUSHI,JIAQIANGZHANLVEMOUHUAHEQIANZHANBUSHU,ZHAZHASHISHIDAJICHU,ZAIWEILAIJINGZHENGZHONGZHANJUZHIGAODIAN。

ZHENGTITUIJIN,ZHONGDIANTUPO。JIANCHIZHIZAOYEFAZHANQUANGUOYIPANQIHEFENLEIZHIDAOXIANGJIEHE,TONGCHOUGUIHUA,HELIBUJU,MINGQUECHUANGXINFAZHANFANGXIANG,CUJINJUNMINRONGHESHENDUFAZHAN,JIAKUAITUIDONGZHIZAOYEZHENGTISHUIPINGTISHENG。WEIRAOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANHEGUOJIAANQUANZHONGDAXUQIU,ZHENGHEZIYUAN,TUCHUZHONGDIAN,SHISHIRUOGANZHONGDAGONGCHENG,SHIXIANLVXIANTUPO。

ZIZHUFAZHAN,KAIFANGHEZUO。ZAIGUANXIGUOJIMINSHENGHECHANYEANQUANDEJICHUXING、ZHANLVEXING、QUANJUXINGLINGYU,ZHELIZHANGWOGUANJIANHEXINJISHU,WANSHANCHANYELIANTIAO,XINGCHENGZIZHUFAZHANNENGLI。JIXUKUODAKAIFANG,JIJILIYONGQUANQIUZIYUANHESHICHANG,JIAQIANGCHANYEQUANQIUBUJUHEGUOJIJIAOLIUHEZUO,XINGCHENGXINDEBIJIAOYOUSHI,TISHENGZHIZAOYEKAIFANGFAZHANSHUIPING。

主要内容

ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025KEYIGAIKUOWEI“YIERSANSIWUWUSHI”DEZONGTIJIEGOU:

“一”,就是从制造业大国向制造业强国转变,最终实现制造业强国的一个目标

“ER”,JIUSHITONGGUOLIANGHUARONGHEFAZHANLAISHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO。DANGDESHIBADATICHULEYONGXINXIHUAHEGONGYEHUALIANGHUASHENDURONGHELAIYINLINGHEDAIDONGZHENGGEZHIZAOYEDEFAZHAN,ZHEIYESHIWOGUOZHIZAOYESUOYAOZHANJUDEYIGEZHIGAODIAN。

“三”,就是要通过“三步走”的一个战略,大体上每一步用十年左右的时间来实现我国从制造业大国向制造业强国转变的目标[4]  。

“SI”,JIUSHIQUEDINGLESIXIANGYUANZE。DIYIXIANGYUANZESHISHICHANGZHUDAO、ZHENGFUYINDAO。DIERXIANGYUANZESHIJILIZUDANGQIAN,YOUZHEYANZHANGYUAN。DISANXIANGYUANZESHIQUANMIANTUIJIN、ZHONGDIANTUPO。DISIXIANGYUANZESHIZIZHUFAZHANHEHEZUOGONGYING。

“WUWU”,JIUSHIYOULIANGGE“WU”。DIYIJIUSHIYOUWUTIAOFANGZHEN,JICHUANGXINQUDONG、ZHILIANGWEIXIAN、LVSEFAZHAN、JIEGOUYOUHUAHERENCAIWEIBEN。HAIYOUYIGE“WU”JIUSHISHIXINGWUDAGONGCHENG,BAOKUOZHIZAOYECHUANGXINZHONGXINJIANSHEDEGONGCHENG、QIANGHUAJICHUDEGONGCHENG、ZHINENGZHIZAOGONGCHENG、LVSEZHIZAOGONGCHENGHEGAODUANZHUANGBEICHUANGXINGONGCHENG。

“SHI”,JIUSHISHIDALINGYU,BAOKUOXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUCHANYE、GAODANGSHUKONGJICHUANGHEJIQIREN、HANGKONGHANGTIANZHUANGBEI、HAIYANGGONGCHENGZHUANGBEIJIGAOJISHUCHUANBO、XIANJINGUIDAOJIAOTONGZHUANGBEI、JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHE、DIANLIZHUANGBEI、NONGJIZHUANGBEI、XINCAILIAO、SHENGWUYIYAOJIGAOXINGNENGYILIAOQIXIEDENGSHIGEZHONGDIANLINGYU。

战略任务

实现制造强国的战略目标,必须坚持问题导向,统筹谋划,突出重点;必须凝聚全社会共识,加快制造业转型升级,全面提高发展质量和核心竞争力

1.TIGAOGUOJIAZHIZAOYECHUANGXINNENGLI

WANSHANYIQIYEWEIZHUTI、SHICHANGWEIDAOXIANG、ZHENGCHANXUEYANYONGXIANGJIEHEDEZHIZAOYECHUANGXINTIXI。WEIRAOCHANYELIANBUSHUCHUANGXINLIAN,WEIRAOCHUANGXINLIANPEIZHIZIYUANLIAN,JIAQIANGGUANJIANHEXINJISHUGONGGUAN,JIASUKEJICHENGGUOCHANYEHUA,TIGAOGUANJIANHUANJIEHEZHONGDIANLINGYUDECHUANGXINNENGLI。

2.TUIJINXINXIHUAYUGONGYEHUASHENDURONGHE

JIAKUAITUIDONGXINYIDAIXINXIJISHUYUZHIZAOJISHURONGHEFAZHAN,BAZHINENGZHIZAOZUOWEILIANGHUASHENDURONGHEDEZHUGONGFANGXIANG;ZHELIFAZHANZHINENGZHUANGBEIHEZHINENGCHANPIN,TUIJINSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHINENGHUA,PEIYUXINXINGSHENGCHANFANGSHI,QUANMIANTISHENGQIYEYANFA、SHENGCHAN、GUANLIHEFUWUDEZHINENGHUASHUIPING。

3.QIANGHUAGONGYEJICHUNENGLI

HEXINJICHULINGBUJIAN(YUANQIJIAN)、XIANJINJICHUGONGYI、GUANJIANJICHUCAILIAOHECHANYEJISHUJICHUDENGGONGYEJICHUNENGLIBORUO,SHIZHIYUEWOGUOZHIZAOYECHUANGXINFAZHANHEZHILIANGTISHENGDEZHENGJIESUOZAI。YAOJIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG、CHANXUJIEHE、XIETONGCHUANGXIN、ZHONGDIANTUPODEYUANZE,ZHELIPOJIEZHIYUEZHONGDIANCHANYEFAZHANDEPINGJING。

4.JIAQIANGZHILIANGPINPAIJIANSHE

TISHENGZHILIANGKONGZHIJISHU,WANSHANZHILIANGGUANLIJIZHI,HANGSHIZHILIANGFAZHANJICHU,YOUHUAZHILIANGFAZHANHUANJING,NULISHIXIANZHIZAOYEZHILIANGDAFUTISHENG。GULIQIYEZHUIQIUZHUOYUEPINZHI,XINGCHENGJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDEMINGPAICHANPIN,BUDUANTISHENGQIYEPINPAIJIAZHIHEZHONGGUOZHIZAOZHENGTIXINGXIANG。

5.QUANMIANTUIXINGLVSEZHIZAO

JIADAXIANJINJIENENGHUANBAOJISHU、GONGYIHEZHUANGBEIDEYANFALIDU,JIAKUAIZHIZAOYELVSEGAIZAOSHENGJI;JIJITUIXINGDITANHUA、XUNHUANHUAHEJIYUEHUA,TIGAOZHIZAOYEZIYUANLIYONGXIAOLV;QIANGHUACHANPINQUANSHENGMINGZHOUQILVSEGUANLI,NULIGOUJIANGAOXIAO、QINGJIE、DITAN、XUNHUANDELVSEZHIZAOTIXI。

6.DALITUIDONGZHONGDIANLINGYUTUPOFAZHAN

MIAOZHUNXINYIDAIXINXIJISHU、GAODUANZHUANGBEI、XINCAILIAO、SHENGWUYIYAODENGZHANLVEZHONGDIAN,YINDAOSHEHUIGELEIZIYUANJIJU,TUIDONGYOUSHIHEZHANLVECHANYEKUAISUFAZHAN。ZHONGDIANFAZHANXINYIDAIXINXIJISHU、GAODANGSHUKONGJICHUANGHEJIQIREN、HANGKONGHANGTIANZHUANGBEI、HAIYANGGONGCHENGZHUANGBEIJIGAOJISHUCHUANBO、XIANJINGUIDAOJIAOTONGZHUANGBEI、JIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHE、DIANLIZHUANGBEI、XINCAILIAO、SHENGWUYIYAOJIGAOXINGNENGYILIAOQIXIE、NONGYEJIXIEZHUANGBEISHIDALINGYU。

7.SHENRUTUIJINZHIZAOYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENG

TUIDONGCHUANTONGCHANYEXIANGZHONGGAODUANMAIJIN,ZHUBUHUAJIEGUOSHENGCHANNENG,CUJINDAQIYEYUZHONGXIAOQIYEXIEDIAOFAZHAN,JINYIBUYOUHUAZHIZAOYEBUJU。

8.JIJIFAZHANFUWUXINGZHIZAOHESHENGCHANXINGFUWUYE

JIAKUAIZHIZAOYUFUWUDEXIETONGFAZHAN,TUIDONGSHANGYEMOSHICHUANGXINHEYETAICHUANGXIN,CUJINSHENGCHANXINGZHIZAOXIANGFUWUXINGZHIZAOZHUANBIAN。DALIFAZHANYUZHIZAOYEJINMIXIANGGUANDESHENGCHANXINGFUWUYE,TUIDONGFUWUGONGNENGQUHEFUWUPINGTAIJIANSHE。

9.TIGAOZHIZAOYEGUOJIHUAFAZHANSHUIPING

TONGCHOULIYONGLIANGZHONGZIYUAN、LIANGGESHICHANG,SHIXINGGENGJIAJIJIDEKAIFANGZHANLVE,JIANGYINJINLAIYUZOUCHUQUGENGHAOJIEHE,TUOZHANXINDEKAIFANGLINGYUHEKONGJIAN,TISHENGGUOJIHEZUODESHUIPINGHECENGCI,TUIDONGZHONGDIANCHANYEGUOJIHUABUJU,YINDAOQIYETIGAOGUOJIJINGZHENGLI。

一条主线

“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”YITIXIANXINXIJISHUYUZHIZAOJISHUSHENDURONGHEDESHUZIHUAWANGLUOHUAZHINENGHUAZHIZAOWEIZHUXIAN。ZHUYAOBAOKUOBAXIANGZHANLVEDUICE:TUIXINGSHUZIHUAWANGLUOHUAZHINENGHUAZHIZAO;TISHENGCHANPINSHEJINENGLI;WANSHANZHIZAOYEJISHUCHUANGXINTIXI;QIANGHUAZHIZAOJICHU;TISHENGCHANPINZHILIANG;TUIXINGLVSEZHIZAO;PEIYANGJUYOUQUANQIUJINGZHENGLIDEQIYEQUNTIHEYOUSHICHANYE:FAZHANXIANDAIZHIZAOFUWUYE。

四大转变

一是由要素驱动向创新驱动转变

ERSHIYOUDICHENGBENJINGZHENGYOUSHIXIANGZHILIANGXIAOYIJINGZHENGYOUSHIZHUANBIAN。

SANSHIYOUZIYUANXIAOHAODA、WURANWUPAIFANGDUODECUFANGZHIZAOXIANGLVSEZHIZAOZHUANBIAN。

SISHIYOUSHENGCHANXINGZHIZAOXIANGFUWUXINGZHIZAOZHUANBIAN。

五大工程

1.制造业创新中心(工业技术研究基地)建设工程

围绕重点行业转型升级和新一代信息技术、智能制造、增材制造、新材料、生物医药等领域创新发展的重大共性需求,形成一批制造业创新中心(工业技术研究基地),重点开展行业基础和共性关键技术研发、成果产业化、人才培训等工作。制定完善制造业创新中心遴选、考核、管理的标准和程序。到2020年,重点形成15家左右制造业创新中心(工业技术研究基地),力争到2025年形成40家左右制造业创新中心(工业技术研究基地)。


2.智能制造工程

紧密围绕重点制造领域关键环节,开展新一代信息技术与制造装备融合的集成创新和工程应用。支持政产学研用联合攻关,开发智能产品和自主可控的智能装置并实现产业化。依托优势企业,紧扣关键工序智能化、关键岗位机器人替代、生产过程智能优化控制、供应链优化,建设重点领域智能工厂/数字化车间。在基础条件好、需求迫切的重点地区、行业和企业中,分类实施流程制造、离散制造、智能装备和产品、新业态新模式、智能化管理、智能化服务等试点示范及应用推广。建立智能制造标准体系和信息安全保障系统,搭建智能制造网络系统平台。到2020年,制造业重点领域智能化水平显著提升,试点示范项目运营成本降低30%,产品生产周期缩短30%,不良品率降低30%。到2025年,制造业重点领域全面实现智能化,试点示范项目运营成本降低50%,产品生产周期缩短50%,不良品率降低50%


3.工业强基工程

开展示范应用,建立奖励和风险补偿机制,支持核心基础零部件()、先进基础工艺、关键基础材料的首批次或跨领域应用。组织重点突破,针对重大工程和重点装备的关键技术和产品急需,支持优势企业开展政产学研用联合攻关,突破关键基础材料、核心基础零部件的工程化、产业化瓶颈。强化平台支撑,布局和组建一批"四基"研究中心,创建一批公共服务平台,完善重点产业技术基础体系。到2020年,40%的核心基础零部件、关键基础材料实现自主保障,受制于人的局面逐步缓解,航天装备、通信装备、发电与输变电设备、工程机械、轨道交通装备、家用电器等产业急需的核心基础零部件(元器件)和关键基础材料的先进制造工艺得到推广应用。到2025年,70%的核心基础零部件、关键基础材料实现自主保障,80种标志性先进工艺得到推广应用,部分达到国际领先水平,建成较为完善的产业技术基础服务体系,逐步形成整机牵引和基础支撑协调互动的产业创新发展格局。


4.绿色制造工程

组织实施传统制造业能效提升、清洁生产、节水治污、循环利用等专项技术改造。开展重大节能环保、资源综合利用、再制造、低碳技术产业化示范。实施重点区域、流域、行业清洁生产水平提升计划,扎实推进大气、水、土壤污染源头防治专项。制定绿色产品、绿色工厂、绿色园区、绿色企业标准体系,开展绿色评价。到2020年,建成千家绿色示范工厂和百家绿色示范园区,部分重化工行业能源资源消耗出现拐点,重点行业主要污染物排放强度下降20%。到2025年,制造业绿色发展和主要产品单耗达到世界先进水平,绿色制造体系基本建立。


5.高端装备创新工程

组织实施大型飞机、航空发动机及燃气轮机、民用航天、智能绿色列车、节能与新能源汽车、海洋工程装备及高技术船舶、智能电网成套装备、高档数控机床、核电装备、高端诊疗设备等一批创新和产业化专项、重大工程。开发一批标志性、带动性强的重点产品和重大装备,提升自主设计水平和系统集成能力,突破共性关键技术与工程化、产业化瓶颈,组织开展应用试点和示范,提高创新发展能力和国际竞争力,抢占竞争制高点。到2020年,上述领域实现自主研制及应用。到2025年,自主知识产权高端装备市场占有率大幅提升,核心技术对外依存度明显下降,基础配套能力显著增强,重要领域装备达到国际领先水平

九项战略

《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》GUIHUAWEIRAOSHIXIANZHIZAOQIANGGUODEZHANLVEMUBIAO,《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》MINGQUE9XIANGZHANLVERENWUHEZHONGDIAN:YISHITIGAOGUOJIAZHIZAOYECHUANGXINNENGLI;ERSHITUIJINXINXIHUAYUGONGYEHUASHENDURONGHE;SANSHIQIANGHUAGONGYEJICHUNENGLI;SISHIJIAQIANGZHILIANGPINPAIJIANSHE;WUSHIQUANMIANTUIXINGLVSEZHIZAO;LIUSHIDALITUIDONGZHONGDIANLINGYUTUPOFAZHAN;QISHISHENRUTUIJINZHIZAOYEJIEGOUDIAOZHENG;BASHIJIJIFAZHANFUWUXINGZHIZAOHESHENGCHANXINGFUWUYE;JIUSHITIGAOZHIZAOYEGUOJIHUAFAZHANSHUIPING。

十大领域

1、新一代信息技术产业。

集成电路及专用装备。着力提升集成电路设计水平,不断丰富知识产权(IP)和设计工具,突破关系国家信息与网络安全及电子整机产业发展的核心通用芯片,提升国产芯片的应用适配能力。掌握高密度封装及三维(3D)微组装技术,提升封装产业和测试的自主发展能力。形成关键制造装备供货能力

XINXITONGXINSHEBEI。ZHANGWOXINXINGJISUAN、GAOSUHULIAN、XIANJINCUNCHU、TIXIHUAANQUANBAOZHANGDENGHEXINJISHU,QUANMIANTUPODIWUDAIYIDONGTONGXIN(5G)JISHU、HEXINLUYOUJIAOHUANJISHU、CHAOGAOSUDARONGLIANGZHINENGGUANGCHUANSHUJISHU、“WEILAIWANGLUO”HEXINJISHUHETIXIJIAGOU,JIJITUIDONGLIANGZIJISUAN、SHENJINGWANGLUODENGFAZHAN。YANFAGAODUANFUWUQI、DARONGLIANGCUNCHU、XINXINGLUYOUJIAOHUAN、XINXINGZHINENGZHONGDUAN、XINYIDAIJIZHAN、WANGLUOANQUANDENGSHEBEI,TUIDONGHEXINXINXITONGXINSHEBEITIXIHUAFAZHANYUGUIMOHUAYINGYONG。

操作系统及工业软件。开发安全领域操作系统等工业基础软件。突破智能设计与仿真及其工具、制造物联与服务、工业大数据处理等高端工业软件核心技术,开发自主可控的高端工业平台软件和重点领域应用软件,建立完善工业软件集成标准与安全测评体系。推进自主工业软件体系化发展和产业化应用。
  2、高档数控机床和机器人。

高档数控机床。开发一批精密、高速、高效、柔性数控机床与基础制造装备及集成制造系统。加快高档数控机床、增材制造等前沿技术和装备的研发。以提升可靠性、精度保持性为重点,开发高档数控系统、伺服电机、轴承、光栅等主要功能部件及关键应用软件,加快实现产业化。加强用户工艺验证能力建设。
  机器人。围绕汽车、机械、电子、危险品制造、国防军工、化工、轻工等工业机器人、特种机器人,以及医疗健康、家庭服务、教育娱乐等服务机器人应用需求,积极研发新产品,促进机器人标准化、模块化发展,扩大市场应用。突破机器人本体、减速器、伺服电机、控制器、传感器与驱动器等关键零部件及系统集成设计制造等技术瓶颈。

3、航空航天装备。

航空装备。加快大型飞机研制,适时启动宽体客机研制,鼓励国际合作研制重型直升机;推进干支线飞机、直升机、无人机和通用飞机产业化。突破高推重比、先进涡桨(轴)发动机及大涵道比涡扇发动机技术,建立发动机自主发展工业体系。开发先进机载设备及系统,形成自主完整的航空产业链。
  航天装备。发展新一代运载火箭、重型运载器,提升进入空间能力。加快推进国家民用空间基础设施建设,发展新型卫星等空间平台与有效载荷、空天地宽带互联网系统,形成长期持续稳定的卫星遥感、通信、导航等空间信息服务能力。推动载人航天、月球探测工程,适度发展深空探测。推进航天技术转化与空间技术应用。

4、海洋工程装备及高技术船舶。

DALIFAZHANSHENHAITANCE、ZIYUANKAIFALIYONG、HAISHANGZUOYEBAOZHANGZHUANGBEIJIQIGUANJIANXITONGHEZHUANYONGSHEBEI。TUIDONGSHENHAIKONGJIANZHAN、DAXINGFUSHIJIEGOUWUDEKAIFAHEGONGCHENGHUA。XINGCHENGHAIYANGGONGCHENGZHUANGBEIZONGHESHIYAN、JIANCEYUJIANDINGNENGLI,TIGAOHAIYANGKAIFALIYONGSHUIPING。TUPOHAOHUAYOULUNSHEJIJIANZAOJISHU,QUANMIANTISHENGYEHUATIANRANQICHUANDENGGAOJISHUCHUANBOGUOJIJINGZHENGLI,ZHANGWOZHONGDIANPEITAOSHEBEIJICHENGHUA、ZHINENGHUA、MOKUAIHUASHEJIZHIZAOHEXINJISHU。

5、先进轨道交通装备。

JIAKUAIXINCAILIAO、XINJISHUHEXINGONGYIDEYINGYONG,ZHONGDIANTUPOTIXIHUAANQUANBAOZHANG、JIENENGHUANBAO、SHUZIHUAZHINENGHUAWANGLUOHUAJISHU,YANZHIXIANJINKEKAOSHIYONGDECHANPINHEQINGLIANGHUA、MOKUAIHUA、PUXIHUACHANPIN。YANFAXINYIDAILVSEZHINENG、GAOSUZHONGZAIGUIDAOJIAOTONGZHUANGBEIXITONG,WEIRAOXITONGQUANSHOUMINGZHOUQI,XIANGYONGHUTIGONGZHENGTIJIEJUEFANGAN,JIANLISHIJIELINGXIANDEXIANDAIGUIDAOJIAOTONGCHANYETIXI。

6、节能与新能源汽车。

JIXUZHICHIDIANDONGQICHE、RANLIAODIANCHIQICHEFAZHAN,ZHANGWOQICHEDITANHUA、XINXIHUA、ZHINENGHUAHEXINJISHU,TISHENGDONGLIDIANCHI、QUDONGDIANJI、GAOXIAONEIRANJI、XIANJINBIANSUQI、QINGLIANGHUACAILIAO、ZHINENGKONGZHIDENGHEXINJISHUDEGONGCHENGHUAHECHANYEHUANENGLI,XINGCHENGCONGGUANJIANLINGBUJIANDAOZHENGCHEDEWANZHENGGONGYETIXIHECHUANGXINTIXI,TUIDONGZIZHUPINPAIJIENENGYUXINNENGYUANQICHETONGGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPINGJIEGUI。

7、电力装备。

TUIDONGDAXINGGAOXIAOCHAOJINGPAIFANGMEIDIANJIZUCHANYEHUAHESHIFANYINGYONG,JINYIBUTIGAOCHAODARONGLIANGSHUIDIANJIZU、HEDIANJIZU、ZHONGXINGRANQILUNJIZHIZAOSHUIPING。TUIJINXINNENGYUANHEKEZAISHENGNENGYUANZHUANGBEI、XIANJINCHUNENGZHUANGZHI、ZHINENGDIANWANGYONGSHUBIANDIANJIYONGHUDUANSHEBEIFAZHAN。TUPODAGONGLVDIANLIDIANZIQIJIAN、GAOWENCHAODAOCAILIAODENGGUANJIANYUANQIJIANHECAILIAODEZHIZAOJIYINGYONGJISHU,XINGCHENGCHANYEHUANENGLI。

8、农机装备。

ZHONGDIANFAZHANLIANG、MIAN、YOU、TANGDENGDAZONGLIANGSHIHEZHANLVEXINGJINGJIZUOWUYU、GENG、ZHONG、GUAN、SHOU、YUN、ZHUDENGZHUYAOSHENGCHANGUOCHENGSHIYONGDEXIANJINNONGJIZHUANGBEI,JIAKUAIFAZHANDAXINGTUOLAJIJIQIFUSHIZUOYEJIJU、DAXINGGAOXIAOLIANHESHOUGEJIDENGGAODUANNONGYEZHUANGBEIJIGUANJIANHEXINLINGBUJIAN。TIGAONONGJIZHUANGBEIXINXISHOUJI、ZHINENGJUECEHEJINGZHUNZUOYENENGLI,TUIJINXINGCHENGMIANXIANGNONGYESHENGCHANDEXINXIHUAZHENGTIJIEJUEFANGAN。

9、新材料。

YITEZHONGJINSHUGONGNENGCAILIAO、GAOXINGNENGJIEGOUCAILIAO、GONGNENGXINGGAOFENZICAILIAO、TEZHONGWUJIFEIJINSHUCAILIAOHEXIANJINFUHECAILIAOWEIFAZHANZHONGDIAN,JIAKUAIYANFAXIANJINRONGLIAN、NINGGUCHENGXING、QIXIANGCHENJI、XINGCAIJIAGONG、GAOXIAOHECHENGDENGXINCAILIAOZHIBEIGUANJIANJISHUHEZHUANGBEI,JIAQIANGJICHUYANJIUHETIXIJIANSHE,TUPOCHANYEHUAZHIBEIPINGJING。JIJIFAZHANJUNMINGONGYONGTEZHONGXINCAILIAO,JIAKUAIJISHUSHUANGXIANGZHUANYIZHUANHUA,CUJINXINCAILIAOCHANYEJUNMINRONGHEFAZHAN。GAODUGUANZHUDIANFUXINGXINCAILIAODUICHUANTONGCAILIAODEYINGXIANG,ZUOHAOCHAODAOCAILIAO、NAMICAILIAO、SHIMOXI、SHENGWUJICAILIAODENGZHANLVEQIANYANCAILIAOTIQIANBUJUHEYANZHI。JIAKUAIJICHUCAILIAOSHENGJIHUANDAI。

10、生物医药及高性能医疗器械。

FAZHANZHENDUIZHONGDAJIBINGDEHUAXUEYAO、ZHONGYAO、SHENGWUJISHUYAOWUXINCHANPIN,ZHONGDIANBAOKUOXINJIZHIHEXINBADIANHUAXUEYAO、KANGTIYAOWU、KANGTIOULIANYAOWU、QUANXINJIEGOUDANBAIJIDUOTAIYAOWU、XINXINGYIMIAO、LINCHUANGYOUSHITUCHUDECHUANGXINZHONGYAOJIGEXINGHUAZHILIAOYAOWU。TIGAOYILIAOQIXIEDECHUANGXINNENGLIHECHANYEHUASHUIPING,ZHONGDIANFAZHANYINGXIANGSHEBEI、YIYONGJIQIRENDENGGAOXINGNENGZHENLIAOSHEBEI,QUANJIANGJIEXUEGUANZHIJIADENGGAOZHIYIYONGHAOCAI,KECHUANDAI、YUANCHENGZHENLIAODENGYIDONGYILIAOCHANPIN。SHIXIANSHENGWU3DDAYIN、YOUDAODUONENGGANXIBAODENGXINJISHUDETUPOHEYINGYONG。

领导小组

ZHONGYANGZHENGFUHAICHENGLILE“GUOJIAZHIZAOQIANGGUOLINGDAOXIAOZU”,YONGYUZUOWEI“ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025”ZHANLVEDEDINGCENGLINGDAOJIGOU。GAILINGDAOJIGOUYOUGUOWUYUANXIANGGUANLINGDAODANRENZUZHANG,CHENGYUANYOUGUOWUYUANXIANGGUANBUMENHEDANWEIFUZERENZUCHENG。LINGDAOXIAOZUBANGONGSHISHEZAIGONGXINBU,CHENGDANRICHANGGONGZUO。